The term “consignee” refers to the party to whom goods or cargo are shipped or delivered in a transportation transaction. In other words, the consignee is the recipient, or the person or company receiving the goods or cargo. They are typically the final destination or the intended recipient of the shipment.

Role of Consignee

Receiving the goods:

Upon arrival at the designated location or destination, it is the consignee’s responsibility to receive the goods or cargo.


Subsequently, the consignee should thoroughly inspect the received goods, ensuring that they are in the expected condition and correspond to the description provided by the consignor.


Additionally, the consignee needs to verify and ensure that all the necessary documentation, including delivery receipts, invoices, and customs paperwork, is in order.


To confirm the receipt of the shipment, the consignee acknowledges their acceptance by signing the delivery receipt or relevant documents.

Storage and handling:

Following the acceptance, it becomes the consignee’s responsibility to appropriately store and handle the goods, taking necessary precautions for fragile or perishable items and adhering to any special instructions from the consignor.


Should any issues or discrepancies arise with the received goods, the consignee promptly informs the consignor or carrier to address the problem and seek a resolution.

Difference between Consignee and Consignor


The primary difference between a consignee and a consignor lies in their roles in the transportation process. The consignor is the party sending the goods, while the consignee is the party receiving the goods.


The consignor is typically located at the point of origin, or the place from which the goods are being shipped. They are responsible for initiating the shipment and arranging for transportation. On the other hand, the consignee is located at the destination, or the place where the goods will be delivered.


The consignor bears the responsibility for packaging, labeling, and preparing the goods for transportation. They are also responsible for any necessary documentation, such as customs paperwork. The consignee, on the other hand, is responsible for inspecting and accepting the goods upon delivery, verifying their condition, and ensuring their proper storage or use.


Let’s consider an example to illustrate the difference between a consignee and a consignor:

Suppose a company called ABC Electronics, based in New York, manufactures smartphones and wants to ship a batch of its products to a retail store called XYZ Electronics in Los Angeles. In this scenario, ABC Electronics is the consignor, as they are the ones sending the goods.

They would package the smartphones, arrange for transportation, and entrust them to a carrier. On the other hand, XYZ Electronics, located in Los Angeles, is the consignee. They are the intended recipient of the shipment and will receive the smartphones from the carrier.

XYZ Electronics is responsible for inspecting the goods upon delivery, accepting them, and integrating them into their inventory for retail sale. In summary, the consignor initiates the shipment and sends the goods, while the consignee receives the goods at the destination.


  1. What is the main role of the consignee in transportation?

    The consignee’s main role is to receive and accept the goods or cargo at the designated destination.

  2. What are the consignee’s responsibilities upon receiving the goods?

    The consignee is responsible for inspecting the goods, verifying documentation, and ensuring proper storage or use.

  3. What should the consignee do if there are issues with the received goods?

    The consignee should promptly notify the consignor or carrier to address any issues or discrepancies with the received goods.